The Academy has worked alongside the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health to produce key guidance on how to correctly enter information onto e-Portfolios. This paper will set out the purpose of the guidance, background information and the key issues arising. It will provide clarification on the legal position for Royal Colleges, third party action and will outline best practice for trainees on how to record reflective comments. It should be noted that reflection is a process that does not only involve writing notes in e portfolios, but can also be undertaken as part of a dialogue with trainers during other work based assessments. A written record of reflection may take place either contemporaneously or, if a significant event has taken place, after full investigation has taken place.